Architecture & Interiors
Aircraft Apron Design
Baggage Handling Systems
Giuliani Associates Architects
Ammann & Whitney
Project Description: Originally designed by Giuliani Associates in 1995, the Concourse C FIS facility at Washington Dulles International Airport has been redesigned and expanded to 73,000 SF to increase the processing capacity from 600 to 1200 passengers/hour. The expanded FIS facility includes a new CBP primary inspections station, new CBP secondary inspections area, expanded TSA baggage screening area, and new TSA passenger screening area. To accommodate the new and expanded FIS facility, the existing baggage claim area has been refurbished and adjacent airline ramp operations support areas reconfigured. All areas have been designed and constructed in accordance with CBP Design Standards; TSA Design Guidelines; MWAA Design Manual Requirements; and with ADAAG, Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines.
CBP Primary Inspections Station has been enlarged to 15,700 SF to include 24 inspection booths, passenger queuing area, CBP control room, customs forms preparation area, and public toilet rooms. New finishes are provided throughout and the telecommunications infrastructure upgraded.
CBP Secondary Inspections Area has been completely redesigned to accommodate current CBP operations protocols. Within the area’s 9,700 SF, four new exit control podiums are provided with corresponding passenger queue lanes; separate areas for four screening devices, interview rooms, detention rooms, and supervisors’ offices have been provided. New public toilet rooms have been constructed and new finishes are provided throughout.
TSA Passenger Screening Area has been relocated and expanded to 10,300 SF to accommodate seven carry-on baggage screening lanes and corresponding passenger queuing areas. Private screening area, law enforcement officer by-pass portal, supervisor’s office, and break/ready room support the TSA screening operations. New finishes are provided throughout and the telecommunications infrastructure upgraded.
TSA Baggage Screening Area has been enlarged to 14,300 SF to accommodate ten baggage screening devices and corresponding baggage handling conveyor systems. Supervisor’s office and break/ready room support the TSA screening operations. New finishes are provided throughout.
The existing 16,600 SF Baggage Claim Area has been refurbished; new re-accommodations counter provided; and three existing baggage claim devices reconditioned. New finishes are provided throughout.
6,400 SF of Airline Ramp Operations Area adjacent to the FIS facility has been redesigned and refurbished to provide space for the FIS facility expansion. Two break/ready rooms, locker/toilet rooms, and supervisors’ offices have been reconfigured and renovated to accommodate consolidated ramp operations. New finishes are provided throughout and the telecommunications infrastructure upgraded.
Design Intent: The location of the Federal Inspections Station on the lower level of an existing airport departures concourse and the lack of windows resulting from security requirements posed challenges for a positive passenger experience. The lower level location resulted in fairly low ceiling heights, which, combined with the lack of windows, provides a less than desirable environment. To brighten the space and visually “raise” the apparent ceiling height, uplighting was used throughout the facility, providing a bright ceiling plane. In addition, the color palette was kept light with high reflectance. To counter the sense of disorientation that often occurs in similar Federal Inspections Stations, a decorative ceiling treatment and matching floor pattern provide a “path” to orient movement through the facility.
Continuing Operations: Since there was no opportunity to relocate passenger processing during the renovation and expansion of the Federal Inspections Station, the work was planned to ensure a minimal interruption in ongoing airline and federal agency activities, minimal inconvenience to the public, and minimal disruption to vehicular and pedestrian traffic flows. The phasing plan was based on extensive experience working on renovation projects, resulting in understanding concerns are critical to a successful phased renovation project:
Thorough & Accurate Due Diligence
Realistic Conditions Evaluation
Life Safety Considerations
Utility Infrastructure Requirements
Operating Equipment Requirements
Temporary Enclosures and Protections
Material/Equipment Lead Times
Professional Services: In addition to acting as architect of record, Giuliani Associates provided design leadership for a multi-disciplinary project team. To meet an aggressive development schedule, critical path milestones were established by the project team as a whole and multiple permit / bid packages were developed by the design team to accommodate the compressed schedule. Giuliani Associates provided architectural services, from schematic design through construction support services, including the following specific services:
Field verification of existing screening area configurations & equipment
Conducting passenger flow analyses in conjunction with analyses of equipment clearance requirements
Programming passenger screening criteria in collaboration with CBP personnel
Developing passenger security checkpoint in collaboration with TSA staff
Consultation with Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority to expedite design reviews and approvals
Development of design alternatives including presentation and evaluation of alternates
Selection of replacement finish materials and components to complement existing installations
Preparation of permit drawings and specifications in compliance with airport design and development standards
Provision of construction support services (submittal review, RFI responses, and contract amendments)